Skip to main content  Skip to search  Skip to main menu
Trade and Industry Department The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region
Brand Hong Kong - Asia world city



The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) is firmly committed to an open market policy which applies to all trade, as well as to all investments in the HKSAR.

Hong Kong has been a Special Administrative Region of the PRC since 1 July 1997.  The "One Country, Two Systems" principle provides the HKSAR with a high degree of autonomy in economic, trade, financial and monetary matters.  This is guaranteed by the Basic Law which ensures the continuation of Hong Kong's capitalist economic and trade systems, and the free movement of goods and capital.  Hong Kong remains a free port and a separate customs territory with its own customs boundary.  Tariff preferences and other similar arrangements obtained by the HKSAR continue to be enjoyed exclusively by the HKSAR.  The Basic Law also provides that the HKSAR may participate in relevant international organisations and international trade agreements under the name of "Hong Kong, China".

In 1986, Hong Kong became a separate contracting party to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade.  Accordingly, Hong Kong was one of the founding members of the World Trade Organization when it was established on 1 January 1995.  Hong Kong also became a member of the Customs Cooperation Council (subsequently renamed the World Customs Organization) in 1987 and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation in 1991.  After 1 July 1997, Hong Kong's status in these and other international organisations remains unchanged except that our participation is now under the name of "Hong Kong, China".


The economy of Hong Kong is externally oriented and highly dependent on trade with the rest of the world.  In 2016, Hong Kong's economy grew only modestly by 2.0% from 2015.  The value of total merchandise trade amounted to HK$7,596.6 billion (305% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP)) in 2016 with imports and exports at HK$4,008.4 billion (161% of GDP) and HK$3,588.2 billion (144% of GDP) respectively.  In 2016, Hong Kong was the world's 7th largest trading economy in goods – the 6th largest exporter and the 7th largest importer.

The services sector continues to be very important to the Hong Kong economy.  It contributed 93% to the GDP in 2015 and accounted for 88% of the total employment in 2016.  Hong Kong's trade in services amounted to HK$1,344.6 billion (54% of GDP) in 2016.  In 2016, Hong Kong was the world's 17th largest commercial services trading economy – the 15th largest services exporter and the 16th largest services importer respectively.


  • In 2016, Mexico ranked the largest among Hong Kong's trading partners in Latin America and 24th worldwide.  Reciprocally, Hong Kong was Mexico's 39th ranking trading partner in 2015. 
  • Bilateral trade in goods between Hong Kong and Mexico decreased by 5.1% in 2016 to reach HK$33.3 billion.  The average annual growth rate from 2012 to 2016 was 12.2%.
  • In 2016, Hong Kong's domestic exports of goods to Mexico amounted to HK$43 million.  Major domestic export items to Mexico included general industrial machinery and equipment, and machine parts; machinery specialized for particular industries and metalworking machinery.
  • Reflecting Hong Kong's role as an important entrepôt for merchandise trade between Mexico and the Mainland of China, re-export trade between the two economies through Hong Kong grew by 16.1% annually since 2012 to HK$38 billion in 2016.
  • Hong Kong's re-exports of goods to Mexico totaled HK$27.8 billion in 2016. The top three re-export items were telecommunications equipment; electrical machinery, apparatus and appliances, and electrical parts thereof; and office machines and automatic data processing machines.
  • In 2016, Hong Kong imported HK$5.4 billion worth of goods from Mexico.   Major import items included office machines and automatic data processing machines; telecommunications equipment; and electrical machinery apparatus and appliances, and electrical parts thereof.
  Summary of Hong Kong's Trade with Mexico (in HK$ million)
2015 % Change 2015/2014 2016 % Change 2016/2015
Domestic Exports 48 -10.9 43 -9.9
Re-exports 29,297 +1.9 27,831 -5.0
Total Exports 29,345 +1.9 27,874 -5.0
Imports 5,737 -15.5 5,432 -5.3
Total Trade 35,082 -1.4 33,306 -5.1

Note:   Exchange rate is HK$7.8 = US$1

While every effort is made to ensure the accuracy of the above information, the Department cannot guarantee this to be so and will not be held liable for any reliance placed on the same.

Trade and Industry Department
The Government of the Hong Kong
Special Administrative Region

Trade and Industry Tower,
3 Concorde Road, Kowloon City,
Hong Kong
Telephone: (852) 2398 5405

June 2017