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Trade and Industry Department The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region
Brand Hong Kong - Asia world city



Hong Kong is a free port. We pursue a free trade policy and do not maintain barriers on trade. No tariff is charged on import or export of goods. Although licensing is required for the import and export of some goods, this is only to fulfil obligations undertaken by Hong Kong to our trading partners, or to meet public health, safety or internal security needs. The licensing procedures are as simplified as possible in such cases.

Through participating in multilateral, regional, plurilateral, and bilateral trade agreements, we secure, maintain and improve access to foreign markets for our goods and services.

Hong Kong actively supports and promotes a free, open and stable multilateral trading system. The World Trade Organization (WTO), established in 1995, succeeded the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). Hong Kong is a founding member of the WTO and has been participating actively in its activities. Hong Kong has continued its separate membership after return to China in 1997 using the name "Hong Kong, China".


The economy of Hong Kong is externally oriented and highly dependent on trade with the rest of the world. In 2017, Hong Kong's economy grew by 3.8% in real terms of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) from 2016. The value of total merchandise trade amounted to HK$8,232.9 billion (309% of GDP) in 2017 with imports and exports at HK$4,357.0 billion (164% of GDP) and HK$3,875.9 billion (146% of GDP) respectively. In 2017, Hong Kong was the world's 7th largest trading economy in goods - the 7th largest exporter and the 7th largest importer.

The services sector continues to be very important to the Hong Kong economy. It contributed 92% to the GDP in 2016 and accounted for 88% of the total employment in 2017. Hong Kong's trade in services amounted to HK$1,411.9 billion (53% of GDP) in 2017. In 2017, Hong Kong was the world's 17th largest commercial services trading economy - the 15th largest services exporter and the 18th largest services importer respectively.


  • In 2017, India was Hong Kong's 7th largest trading partner. Reciprocally, Hong Kong was India's 5th largest trading partner in 2017.
  • Bilateral trade in goods between Hong Kong and India amounted to HK$266.0 billion in 2017, increased by 27.0% from 2016. The average annual growth rate from 2013 to 2017 was 11.7%.
  • In 2017, Hong Kong's domestic export of goods to India amounted to HK$1.5 billion. Major domestic exports to India included non-ferrous metals; and metalliferous ores and metal scrap.
  • Reflecting Hong Kong's role as an important entrepĂ´t for merchandise trade between India and the Mainland of China, re-export trade between the two economies through Hong Kong has grown by 16.0% annually since 2013 to HK$103.7 billion in 2017.
  • Hong Kong's re-export of goods to India totalled HK$157.2 billion. Major re-exports were non-metallic mineral manufactures; telecommunications and sound recording and reproducing apparatus and equipment; and non-ferrous metals.
  • In 2017, Hong Kong imported HK$107.4 billion worth of goods from India. Major imports included non-metallic mineral manufactures; jewellery, goldsmiths' and silversmiths' wares, and other articles of precious or semi-precious materials; and petroleum, petroleum products and related materials.
  Summary of Hong Kong's Trade with India (in HK$ million)
2016 % Change 2016/2015 2017 % Change 2017/2016
Domestic Exports 487 -11.0 1,462 +200.3
Re-exports 116,215 +14.7 157,173 +35.2
Total Exports 116,702 +14.6 158,635 +35.9
Imports 92,773 +11.9 107,412 +15.8
Total Trade 209,474 +13.4 266,047 +27.0

While every effort is made to ensure the accuracy of the above information, the Department cannot guarantee this to be so and will not be held liable for any reliance placed on the same.

Trade and Industry Department
The Government of the Hong Kong
Special Administrative Region

Telephone : (852) 2398 5594
Website :

May 2018